Minerals in the Teeth
Enamel is the hardest substance in the human body and contains the highest percentage of minerals, 96%, with water and organic material composing the rest. The primary mineral is hydroxyapatite, which is a crystalline calcium phosphate.
Several dietary minerals contribute to bone strength, but calcium and phosphorus are the most important minerals for strong bones. About 99 percent of calcium and 85 percent of phosphorus in the body is found in the bones and teeth, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center.
Particularly important is calcium, which helps to form strong teeth and bones, and vitamin D, which the body needs to absorb calcium. You need lots of calcium for healthy teeth and gums.
Vitamins and Minerals Play Important Roles in Bone Health